Tuesday, December 31, 2019
Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â° (mÃ ©i yÃâu) in Mandarin meansÃ havent, hasnt, doesnt exist, to not have, and to not be. Pronunciation Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â° is pronounced Ã¢â" ºmÃ ©i yÃâu.Ã Ã¦ ² ¡ is in the 2nd tone, whereas Ã¦Å"â° is spoken in the 3rd tone. This can also be written as: mei2 you3. Chinese Characters Traditional Form: Ã¦ ²âÃ¦Å"â°Simplified Form: Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â°The first character Ã¦ ²â /Ã Ã¦ ² ¡ (mÃ ©i) is a negative prefix for verbs. The second character Ã¦Å"â° (yÃâu) is the verb for to have; there is; there are; to exist; to be. Put together,Ã Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â° means to not have, to not be, or to not exist. Sentence Examples Audio files are marked with Ã¢â" º Ã¢â" ºTÃ mÃ ©i yÃâu shuÃ huÃÅ½ng.Ã¤ »â"Ã¦ ²âÃ¦Å"â°Ã¨ ª ªÃ¨ ¬Å Ã¤ »â"Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â°Ã¨ ¯ ´Ã¨ °Å½He didnÃ¢â¬â¢t tell a lie. Ã¢â" ºMÃ ng tiÃ n wÃâ mÃ ©i yÃâu kÃ ng.Ã¦ËÅ½Ã¥ ¤ ©Ã¦ËâÃ¦ ²âÃ¦Å"â°Ã§ © ºÃ¦ËÅ½Ã¥ ¤ ©Ã¦ËâÃ¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â°Ã§ © ºI dont have any free time tomorrow. MÃ ©i yÃâu yÃ ¬yÃ ¬Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â°Ã¦â Ã¤ ¹â°Its pointless / There is no meaning. WÃâ gÃân tÃ mÃ ©i yÃâu liÃ ¡nxÃ ¬Ã¦ËâÃ¨ ·Å¸Ã¤ »â"Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â°Ã¨ âÃ§ ³ »I have no relation with him.Ã ZhÃ ¨ mÃ ©i yÃâu yÃ ²ngÃ¨ ¿â¢Ã¦ ² ¡Ã¦Å"â°Ã§â ¨This is useless/(more literally) This has no use.
Monday, December 23, 2019
The video we were asked to write a reflection on discussed The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness which is a book written by Michelle Alexander a highly acclaimed civil rights lawyer, advocate and Associate Professor of Law at Ohio State University. Michelle Alexander states that although we made tremendous progress with Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s by unifying as a race and fought to seemingly ended the old Jim Crow era by the passing of laws such as the 1965 voting act and Brown V.S Board Of Education which overturned Plessey V.S Ferguson; African Americans went through horrifying ordeals to destroy the old Jim Crow system but it was never eructated but in actuality redesigned in the form of our criminal justice system; but before expounding on AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s New Jim Crow it is essential to discuss what exactly The Old Jim Crow was. The old Jim Crow was a system of segregation and discrimination that barred African Americans Americans from a s tatus equal to that of white Americans; the original Jim Crow was laws created after slavery ended, which promoted racial discrimination in vast areas of African American lives such as public housing, employment, voting, and education. In 1865 the abolition of slavery was meant to bring about significant changes in American society specifically on the lives of African Americans. However, the newly freed slaves dealt with a fluctuation of liberty and oppression through the Jim Crow Laws after theShow MoreRelatedThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1370 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesunrecognizable ways that fit into the fabric of the American society to render it nearly invisible to the majority of Americans. Michelle Alexander, in her book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness shatters this dominantly held belief. The New Jim Crow makes a reader profoundly question whether the high rates of incarceration in the United States is an attempt to maintain blacks as an underclass. Michelle Alexander makes the assertion that Ã¢â¬Å"[w]e have not ended racial caste in America;Read MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1361 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBook Review Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness The premise of the Ã¢â¬ËThe New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of ColorblindnessÃ¢â¬â¢ by Michelle Alexander, is to refute claims that racism is dead and argue that the War on Drugs and the federal drug policy unfairly targets communities of color, keeping a large majority of black men of varying ages in a cycle of poverty and behind bars. The author proves that racism thrives by highlighting theRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthose who did read her book The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration In The Age of Colorblindness. Michelle Alexander stated that The most despised in America is not gays, transgenders, nor even illegal immigrants - it is criminals. That was an important quote since the stereotypical criminal in our racially divided America in most cases are those of color also known as blacks. This is why the criminal justice system in the United States promotes the mass incarceration of blacks that can be seen throughRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1477 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Color Blindness, by Michelle Alexander. The New Press, 2010. 290 pages. Reviewed by Ashlei G Cameron. Michelle alexander is a highly acclaimed civil rights lawyer, advocate and legal scholar. As an associate professor of law at Standford law school, she directed the Civil Rights Clinic and pursued a research agenda focused on the intersection of race and criminal justice. In 2005. Alexander won a Soros Justice Fellowship that supported the writingRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1347 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHunter Silver Dr. Kendall Smith English 103-4120 10 November 2015 High Incarceration Rates Due to Racism Racism effects the the high incarceration rates according to Michelle Alexander, the author of Ã¢â¬Å"The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. This scholar writes about how the civil rights movement has been taken back by the mass incarceration of black Americans in the war on drugs. Alexander also explains how the severe consequences that these black men carry on afterRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1081 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Michelle AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness outlines how the criminal justice system has systematically designed new methods of discriminating against African Americans. The book advocates for racial justice, specifically, for African Americans and contends they [African Americans] were targeted and subsequently incarcerated, by white voters and public officials, through the War on Drugs campaign. President Reagan and his Administration exploited racialRead MoreThe New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration Essay1797 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesJim Crow laws are regarded as part of the racial caste system that operated in the Southern and Border States in the years between 1877 and the mid-1960s. Under the series of the anti-black laws, African Americans were treated as inferior and second class citizens. The laws have been argued to have represented the legitimization of the anti-black racism in the US. The book The New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is written by Michelle Alexander and originally published byRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration Essay1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Michelle AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, examines mass incarceration in the United States, why the criminal justice system works the way it does towards minorities, the detriments associated with mass incarceration as it relates to offenders, and much more. In the introduction of her book, A lexander immediately paints the harsh reality of mass incarceration with the story of Jarvious Cotton who is denied the right to vote among other rights becauseRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration Essay1096 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAlexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: The New Press, 2010. Study Questions for Ã¢â¬Å"The New Jim CrowÃ¢â¬ : 1) What is the relationship between the War on Drugs and the spread of crack cocaine through inner city neighborhoods in the 1980s? President Ronald Reagan officially announced the current drug war in 1982, before crack became an issue in the media or a crisis in poor black neighborhoods. A few years after the drug war was declared, crackRead MoreThe New Jim Crow : Mass Incarceration1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIn 2013, Michelle Alexander published her book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, hoping it served as a call to action. Immediately this book received a huge amount of attention because of the controversial topics presented. This book opened a lot of peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes to the term colorblindness, a sociological perspective referring to the disregard of racial characteristics. There is no racial data or profiling, no classifications, and no categorizations or distinctions
Sunday, December 15, 2019
Introduction: Hong Kong, known asÃ¢â¬ Pearl of the OrientÃ¢â¬ which enjoys the freedom of speech, the freedom of economy and the finest legal system. However, discrimination is everywhere. It is because people are not equally. We will write a custom essay sample on Sex Discrimination Is Non-Existentin the Workplace in Hong Kong or any similar topic only for you Order Now It would always be inequality among people referring to physical and mental processes. Of course the two sexes are not equal, so that sex discrimination is always an issue in a society, especially in workplace. Background: It is a matter of fact that a employer will base on their education background, belief, own interest and preference to hire the staffs and even for the promotion, benefits, bonus. And women have the traditionally and historically been subjected to legal discrimination form their gender. Some of this mind set still on cultural stereotypes that treats women primarity in the roles of wives and mothers. Futher women have been bench-marked as the Ã¢â¬Å"weaker sexÃ¢â¬ than male which might need protection from the third party. Such beliefs were used in the job market, both in public and private sector. The situation In the past practice of government, for example, Anson Chan(Post Chief Secretary for Administration) had employed with a lower salary than male civil servant in the same position. It is because she is not a man and did not count on her ability to work. The other example is Bank of China group did not ever have a female as a CEO position which also is another kind of in-direct sex discrimination. Form Hong Kong already had Sex Discrimination Ordinance which passed in 1995. Discrimination on the basis of sex, marital status and pregnancy and sexual harassment are make to unlawful under this legal law. According to SDO which both is protecting of men and women. However, There is a law does not mean that sex discrimination is non-extistent. Employers still can get full control of the employment because they will not disclose the truth to the candidates due to the gender issue, like the secretary post is always a woman. In fact, the other kind of in-direct discrimination because some think woman will soon leave the osition to a house-wives or woman will get pregnancy, so that some of employers are not willing to promote a female as a top management to save the parental leave. The other common Sex discrimination is sexual harassment in workplace. Sexual harassmentÃ isÃ intimidation,Ã bullyingÃ orÃ coercionÃ of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors. Surely sexual harassment is illegal. Harassment can include Ã¢â¬Å"sexual harassmentÃ¢â¬ or unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature. In many listed companies, most of staffs are male and always claim that woman is even cheap or criticize woman who is not wise enough.. In my workplace often would happen such issue. I have heard my boss saidÃ¢â¬ Secretary should be a virginÃ¢â¬ and I will make a promotion or raise salary only base on her appearance and good shape of body. This is a sexual harassment cannot easily valid. The other example is a LegislativeÃ Councillor Mr Kam Nai Wai was suspected sexual harassment to a female assistant and also had fired her eventually. And this case even cannot make a charge at first stage. So that a lot of things cannot be protected by law. Limitations Sex discrimination not only will affect the economic growth but also will harm the organization image. First, human capital is a key source of a company if cannot let the capable people to the right position that would decrease the human capital. Corporate image also is another huge resource that goodwill can make the brand name growth. It is remind that enterprises do not under-estimate the consequence of sex discrimination because once involves on a lawsuit can be a huge loss. Recommendation Sex discrimination should be a key issue of an organization and should imply to all work force to obey. Many of organizations can gain form avoiding sex discrimination, like some international business, HSBC, Cheung Kong Holdings Limited It will definitely increase the productively and should put a effort like training program and re-enforcement on daily operation. Information form Hong Kong Labour department, there is still uneven distribution on job nature and income of male and female in 2010 as below: Leading Occupations for Women, in 2010 | |Occupation |Total Employed (Men and Women)|Percent Women |Ratio of WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Earnings to MenÃ¢â¬â¢s | | | | |Earnings | |source:Ã HK. Labor department, WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s Bureau, 20 Leading Occupations of Employed Women, 2010 | |Managers and administrators |8,018 |31. 0 |65. | |Secretaries |2,404 |98. 9 |N. A. | |Cashiers |2,974 |77. 9 |89. 4 | |Registered nurses |2,162 |93. 1 |88. 9 | |Sales supervisors and proprietors | 4,836 |43. 3 |71. 5 | |Nursing aides, orderlies, and |2,081 |91. |90. 1 | |attendants | | | | |Elementary school teachers |2,216 |82. 5 |94. 9 | |Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing |1,621 |932 |93. 7 | |clerks | | | | Conclusion Although there is a big improvement in female employment, some of industries still focus in male or female work force only. Towards to Twenty-one century, there should be more and more equal job opportunities to both gender and also need to decrease the chance of sex harassment. Finally, people in Hong Kong will gain form the revolution. Bibliography Why market donÃ¢â¬â¢t stop discrimination by Cass R Sunstein HK Labour department information 2010 by GOVHK Sex discrimination ordinance by Equal Opportunities Commission Sex harassment by Wikipedia Total word(1050 words) How to cite Sex Discrimination Is Non-Existentin the Workplace in Hong Kong, Papers
Saturday, December 7, 2019
Male Circumcision: A Social and Medical Misconcept Essay ionUniversity of Johns HopkinsIntroductionMale circumcision is defined as a surgical procedure in which the prepuceof the penis is separated from the glands and excised. (Mosby, 1986) Dating asfar back as 2800 BC, circumcision has been performed as a part of religiousceremony, as a puberty or premarital rite, as a disciplinary measure, as areprieve against the toxic effects of vaginal blood, and as a mark of slavery. (Milos Macris, 1992) In the United States, advocacy of circumcision wasperpetuated amid the Victorian belief that circumcision served as a remedyagainst the ills of masturbation and systemic disease. (Lund, 1990) Thescientific community further reinforced these beliefs by reporting the incidenceof hygiene-related urogenital disorders to be higher in uncircumcised men. Circumcision is now a societal norm in the United States. Routinecircumcision is the most widely practiced pediatric surgery and an estimated oneto one-and-a-half million newborns, or 80 to 90 percent of the population, arecircumcised. (Lund, 1990) Despite these statistics, circumcision still remains atopic of great debate. The medical community is examining the need for asurgical procedure that is historically based on religious and cultural doctrineand not of medical necessity. Possible complications of circumcision includehemorrhage, infection, surgical trauma, and pain. (Gelbaum, 1992) Unlessabsolute medical indications exist, why should male infants be exposed to theserisks? In essence, our society has perpetuated an unnecessary surgical procedurethat permanently alters a normal, healthy body part. This paper examines the literature surrounding the debate over circumcision,delineates the flaws that exist in the research, and discusses the nurses rolein the circumcision debate. Review of LiteratureMany studies performed worldwide suggest a relationship between lack ofcircumcision and urinary tract infection (UTI). In 1982, Ginsberg and McCrackendescribed a case series of infants five days to eight months of age hospitalizedwith UTI. (Thompson, 1990) Of the total infant population hospitalized with UTI,sixty-two were males and only three were circumcised. (Thompson, 1990) Based onthis information, the researchers speculated that, the uncircumcised male hasan increased susceptibility to UTI. Subsequently, Wiswell and associates fromBrooke Army Hospital released a series of papers based upon a retrospectivecohort study design of children hospitalized with UTI in the first year of life. The authors conclusions suggest a 10 to 20-fold increase in risk for UTI in theuncircumcised male in the first year of life. (Thompson, 1990) However, Thompson(1990) reports that in these studies analysis of the data was very crude andthere were no controls for the variables of age, race, education level, orincome. The statistical findings from further studies are equally misconstruing. In 1986, Wiswell and Roscelli reported an increase in the number of UTIs as thecircumcision rate declined. By clearly leaving out aberrant data, the resultsof the study are again very misleading. In 1989, Herzog from Boston ChildrensHospital reported on a retrospective case-control study on the relationshipbetween the incidence of UTI and circumcision in the male infant under one yearof age. Here too, the results were not adjusted to account for the variables ofage, ethnicity, and drop-out rate of the participants. It is obvious that thisresearch is statistically weak and should not be the criteria on which to decidefor or against neonatal circumcision. Lund (1990) reports that a study conducted by Parker and associatesestimates the relative risk of uncircumcised males to be double that ofcircumcised males for acquiring herpes genitalis, candidiasis, gonorrhea, andsyphilis. Simonsen and coworkers performed a case-control study on 340 men inKenya, Africa in an attempt to explain the different pattern for acquired immunedeficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus in Africa as compared to the United States. The Connectio Between Animal Cruelty And Human Violence EssaySummary In summary, there is no statistical evidence in the literature thatcircumcision is directly related to a decrease in urinary tract infection,sexually transmitted disease, or AIDS in this country. There is evidence thatcircumcision evokes a pain response and carries the post-operative risks ofinfection, trauma, and disformity. Although circumcision is highly performedwithin our medical community, it still cannot be recommended without undeniableproof of benefit to the patient. According to the ANA, it is the nursesresponsibility to read the literature, obtain the facts, and share theirknowledge with patients and colleagues. ConclusionCircumcision evolved out of a cultural and religious ritual and has beenmaintained over the decades despite the risks associated with this nonessential,surgical procedure. The current literature does not reveal a need forcircumcision in the neonate. However, circumcision in the male neonate willcontinue to be a topic of wide debate until the risks can be shown, without adoubt, to outweigh the benefits. Circumcision has truly become a social norm inour country that the medical community attempts to justify with weak andinaccurate research. According to the ANA, it is not the role of the nurse to decide for theparent on the need for circumcision in the infant. Rather, it is the nursesrole to present all of the information in an unbiased manner and remain anadvocate of the rights of the patient. Nurses need to realistically analyze thedata available and decide if they truly are an advocate, or are merely followingin the steps of their colleagues. ReferencesAmerican Nurses Association (1991). Standards of clinical nursing practice. Washington, D.C.: American Nurses Association. Gelbaum, I. (1992). Circumcision to educate not indoctrinate-a mandate for certified nurse-midwives. Journal of Nurse-Category: Science